The medical name of bowel cancer is colorectal cancer (CRC), and sometimes, it is also known as colon cancer. It is basically the development of cancer from the rectum or colon, the parts of the large intestine. If we simply define cancer, it is the abnormal growth of cells that have the capability to spread or invade to other body parts. The symptoms and signs may consist of blood in the stool, weight loss, a change in bowel movements, and tired feeling every time. The causes of bowel cancer may include smoking, diet, obesity, lifestyle factors, and physical activity lack.
However, the worrying aspect reveal that many young people under the age of fifty diagnosed with bowel cancer in European and high-income countries. While the overall rate of cases in young people is still low, but according to the studies, it highlighted a rapid rise in rate among 20 to 29 years older adults. It is not clear to the researchers that why it is happening; however, they relate it to the obesity and poor diet among other expected factors. Due to this unusual increasing rate, the experts advised doctors not to take the symptoms lightly in young people.
In most areas of Europe, programs of bowel cancer screening start at the age of 50 due to the reason cases of the disease are much higher in this particular older age group. Thus, countries have established programs such as the United Kingdom seems the bowel cancer rates in the above-50s fall. Whereas, the current research reflects that the rates are now rising rapidly amid under-50s due to which they call for screening at the age of 45 instead, especially in the United States.
Rapid Rise of Bowel Cancer among Young
In the journal Gut study, Dutch researchers examined trends in twenty European countries like France, Sweden, Germany, and the UK after gathering the data from over 143 million people. They seemed a growth in bowel cancer cases among 1990 and 2016 in many countries, with a significant rise among people in their 20s. Over 26 years, bowel cancer cases rise from 0.8 to 2.3 cases per 1000,000 people with the sharpest increase in rates of 7.9% per year, stirring between 2004 and 2016. While, according to the study no rise in deaths recorded from bowel cancer for this age group.